Anionic/electrostatic field effects in hot surface catalyzed combustions

Weera Paramasawat, Jirayu Chaosukhum, Apisak Meesrisom, Wipoo Sriseubsai, Ramaswamy Nagarajan, James Egan, Edwin Jahngen, Nukul Euaphantasate, Changshu Kuo, Pongphisanu Muangchareon, Pitaya Tangarrayasap, William W. Bannister

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Hydrocarbon hot surface combustions initiate by oxygen radical anion Brönsted base electron pair proton abstraction, yielding carbanions and hydroxyl radicals, only then proceeding by electron transfer to form alkyl free radicals in conventional radical pathways. Successive positive/negative electrostatic field pulses facilitate oxygen radical anion formation from air by Seebeck electron transfer to the hot surface during positive phases. Higher reaction rates result by radical anion repulsion from surfaces during the negative phase. Industrially important oxidation reactions occur with higher rates and yields at lower temperatures. Reduced internal combustion engine fuel requirements, NOx and soot emissions result, with increased engine horsepower. Better Seebeck catalysts should result in optimized performance for commercial oxidations, and for engine performance.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWestern States Section/Combustion Institute Fall Meeting 2007
PublisherWestern States Section/Combustion Institute
Pages376-388
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781605609881
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jan 1
EventWestern States Section/Combustion Institute Fall Meeting 2007 - Livermore, United States
Duration: 2007 Oct 162007 Oct 17

Publication series

NameWestern States Section/Combustion Institute Fall Meeting 2007
Volume1

Other

OtherWestern States Section/Combustion Institute Fall Meeting 2007
CountryUnited States
CityLivermore
Period07-10-1607-10-17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Mechanical Engineering

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