An underfill encapsulant can be used to improve the long-term reliability of flip chip interconnecting system by filling the gap between the chip and substrate around the solder bumps. The underfill encapsulant was filled by a capillary flow. This study was devoted to investigate the anisotropic effects of the capillary action induced by the solder bumps. A modified Hele-Shaw flow model, considering the flow resistance in both the thickness direction and the restrictions between solder bumps, was used. A capillary force model, depending on the direction of filling flow, for full array solder bumps was proposed. The capillary force was formulated based on quadrilateral arrangement of solder bumps. It was found that the capillary action is not the same for different directions. In the 45° direction, enhancement of the capillary flow was noticed for a bump pitch within a critical value. The edge preferential flow during the underfill experiment could be attributed to the anisotropic behavior of the capillary action.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering