Ankle–Brachial Index Predicts Long‐Term Renal Outcomes in Acute Stroke Patients

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Renal dysfunction is common after stroke. We aimed to investigate the clinical predictability of the ankle–brachial index (ABI) and brachial‐ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) on post-stroke renal deterioration. A total of 956 consecutive participants with acute ischemic stroke between 1 July 2016, and 31 December 2017 were enrolled and a final of 637 patients were recruited for final analysis. By using the group‐based trajectory model (GBTM), the patients’ renal function trajectories were grouped into the low, intermediate, and high categories (LC, IC, and HC). Significant deterioration in the slope was noted in the IC (p < 0.001) and LC (p = 0.002) groups but was nonsignificant in the HC (p = 0.998) group. Abnormal ABI (ABI ≤ 0.9) was independently related to LC (adjusted odds ratio: 2.40; 95% CI, 1.16–4.95; p = 0.019) and was also independently associated with increased risks of a ≥ 30% decline in eGFR (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 2.28; 95% CI, 1.29– 4.05; p = 0.005), a doubling of serum creatinine (aHR, 3.60; 95% CI, 1.93–8.34; p < 0.001) and ESRD (HR, 3.28; 95% CI, 1.23–8.74; p = 0.018). However, baPWV did not have a significant relationship with any of the renal outcomes. Patients with a lower ABI during acute stroke should receive regular renal function tests and should be closely monitored to improve poststroke renal care.

Original languageEnglish
Article number913
JournalHealthcare (Switzerland)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Informatics
  • Health Policy
  • Health Information Management
  • Leadership and Management


Dive into the research topics of 'Ankle–Brachial Index Predicts Long‐Term Renal Outcomes in Acute Stroke Patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this