Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) mediates the regulation of extracellular matrix via reactive oxygen species (ROS) and calcium influx, both are activators of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) which play a critical role in hepatic fibrogenesis. Hence one can use ROS assay as the main screening tool for molecules that might antagonize the process of liver fibrosis. A retinoic acid derivative isolated from the mycelium of Phellinus linteus that down-regulates ROS generation and calcium influx in HSC-T6 cells was thus obtained in our screening process. The retinoic acid derivative also reverses an early liver fibrosis, as assayed by liver contents of hydroxyproline, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and collagen 1A2, in an early liver fibrosis model we established previously where an inducible expression vector containing a TGF-β gene was hydrodynamically transferred into a testing animal. Retinoic acid derivative thus acts both in vitro and in vivo to prevent liver fibrosis at an early phase.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2008 Jan 18|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology