Anterior tibial artery pseudoaneurysm as a rare technical complication after corrective fibular osteotomy: a case report

Yu Sheng Chen, Chyun Yu Yang, Chih Wei Chang, Yen Nien Chen

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Introduction: Partial fibular osteotomy has been recognized as a surgical alternative to treat medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee. Related peroneal neuropathies are of concern among the relatively few complications after this procedure. In our clinical practice, the osteotomy level has therefore been modified to avoid the above defects. However, a rare case of vascular injury was encountered. Herein we describe an accidental anterior tibial artery pseudoaneurysm as a rare technical complication after this corrective osteotomy. Case presentation: A 55-year-old male visited our emergency room, presenting a painful swelling over his right anterolateral shin along with surrounding ecchymosis. Thirteen days ago, he just underwent a corrective fibular osteotomy over his right painful varus knee at our institute, and was discharged after an uneventful postoperative stay. Urgent angiography revealed an out-pouching vascular lesion, pseudoaneurysm, involving his right anterior tibial artery. Prompt endovascular repair with stent insertion and balloon compression successfully stopped the persistent extravasation from the injured artery. Follow-up angiography as well as outpatient review confirmed the regression of this lesion and associated symptoms without sequelae. Conclusion: Although corrective fibular osteotomy is a simple surgical procedure, it is not free of complications. The suggested osteotomized level in the pertinent literature predisposes patients to certain neuromuscular deficits, which could be avoided by the modified level of osteotomy. However, our case highlights surgeons’ familiarity with certain risky neurovascular structures around the osteotomy site and corresponding technical considerations. A recent surgical history along with alarming symptoms/signs should arouse clinical suspicion, aid in timely identification and make appropriate interventions for potential vascular complications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number25
JournalPatient Safety in Surgery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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