Both mice and rabbits immunized with dengue virus E protein peptide spanning amino acids 100-119 (D4E) produced antibodies that reacted not only with the D4E peptide itself but also with human plasminogen, as shown by ELISA and Western blot. Sera from dengue virus-hyperimmunized mice and dengue patients also contained antibodies against D4E and plasminogen. Furthermore, such sera all contained plasmin inhibitory activity. Using affinity-purified anti-D4E antibodies and free D4E peptide for competitive inhibition, we demonstrated that the inhibition of plasmin activity was due to anti-D4E antibodies rather than other substances in the sera. Taken together, these results suggest dengue virus E protein amino acids 100-119 are a cross-reactive immunogenic region, and antibodies against this region may interfere with human fibrinolysis.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy