A number of new 4′-O-demethylepipodophyllotoxin derivatives possessing various 4β-N- or 4β-O-benzyl groups have been synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory activity against the human DNA topoisomerase II as well as for their activity in causing cellular protein-linked DNA breakage. The 4β-N-benzyl derivatives 9-22 are, in general, as active or more active than etoposide (1). The most active compounds are 14,16, and 17, which are more than 2-fold more potent than 1. The results indicated that a basic unsubstituted 4β-benzylamino moiety is structurally required for the enhanced activity. Replacement of the benzyl nitrogen with oxygen gave compounds (23 and 24) which are inactive. The ability of these compounds to inhibit human DNA topoisomerase II and to cause protein-linked DNA breakage appears to have no direct correlation with cytotoxicity in KB cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery