Fulminant hepatitis is a life-threatening complication of coxsackievirus B (CVB) 3 infections. The condition may deteriorate to disseminated intravascular coagulopathy with markedly increased liver enzymes, inflammatory cytokines, and chemokines, which significantly induce local and systemic inflammation. Curcumin exhibits anti-inflammatory and antiviral characteristics in inflammatory and infectious diseases. Here we determined effects of curcumin on viral replications, cytokine and chemokine expressions, and liver damage in CVB3-infected Huh-7 cells. The mouse-adapted CVB3 strain was used to investigate the antiviral and anti-inflammatory effects of curcumin on CVB3-induced hepatitis in a mouse model. In vitro studies showed that curcumin reduced viral protein and titer levels and increased cell viability. Curcumin enhanced the heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) protein level and decreased the levels of cleaved caspase-3 protein and mRNA of gene encoding C-X-C motif chemokine 10 in infected cells. In vivo studies showed that curcumin improved the survival rate and clinical scores in mice and reduced the viral titer in the liver during CVB3 infection. Moreover, the HO-1 levels were increased, and the cleaved caspase-3 levels were diminished in the CVB3-infected liver. Curcumin reduced the levels of interferon (IFN)-γ and monokine induced by IFN-γ in liver and levels of interleukin (IL)-8 in serum, but increased levels of regulated activation, normal T cell expression in liver and levels of IL-10 in serum of CVB3-infected mice. In summary, curcumin presents antiviral and anti-inflammation efficacies in CVB3 infection in vitro and in vivo; these results provide potential evidence on the feasibility of curcumin for clinical treatment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases
- Cancer Research