In this paper, a parallel and unsupervised approach using the competitive Hopfield neural network (CHNN) is proposed for medical image segmentation. It is a kind of Hopfield network which incorporates the winner-takes-all (WTA) learning mechanism. The image segmentation is conceptually formulated as a problem of pixel clustering based upon the global information of the gray level distribution. Thus, the energy function for minimization is defined as the mean of the squared distance measures of the gray levels within each class. The proposed network avoids the onerous procedure of determining values for the weighting factors in the energy function. In addition, its training scheme enables the network to learn rapidly and effectively. For an image of n gray levels and c interesting objects, the proposed CHNN would consist of n by c neurons and be independent of the image size. In both simulation studies and practical medical image segmentation, the CHNN method shows promising results in comparison with two well-known methods: the hard and the fuzzy c-means (FCM) methods.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering