To remove or recover phosphorus (P) efficiently from various aqueous solutions is important as P is an essential nutrient and a key element to cause eutrophication. This study examines the feasibility of P removal/recovery using Fe3O4 nano-particles, generated from ferrite process. A rapid increased of P adsorption (0.17 to 2.38mg/g) was detected when the solution pH decreased from 11.09 to 2.77. A maxima adsorption capacity was estimated to be 3.65mg/g P at 318K and pH 2.77, much higher than other iron-based adsorbents. Additionally, P adsorption increases with the increase of ionic strength from 0.001 to 1.0N, indicating that the inner-sphere mechanism was importantly involved in the P adsorption. This P adsorption is spontaneous and endothermic, supported by the negative changed standard free energy with temperatures (δGo=-4.33, -4.56, -4.80, -5.02kJ/mol at 288, 298, 308, and 318K, respectively) and the positive δHo values (0.28kJ/mol). The positive δSo (2.79J/molK) further indicates that the randomness increased at solid-solution interface during P adsorption. These results reveal potential applications of Fe3O4 nano-particles for P removal/recovery in wastewaters or freshwaters.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 Jan 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)