Application of magnetic nano-particles for phosphorus removal/recovery in aqueous solution

Yao Jen Tu, Chen Feng You, Chien Kuei Chang, Mei Hsuan Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


To remove or recover phosphorus (P) efficiently from various aqueous solutions is important as P is an essential nutrient and a key element to cause eutrophication. This study examines the feasibility of P removal/recovery using Fe3O4 nano-particles, generated from ferrite process. A rapid increased of P adsorption (0.17 to 2.38mg/g) was detected when the solution pH decreased from 11.09 to 2.77. A maxima adsorption capacity was estimated to be 3.65mg/g P at 318K and pH 2.77, much higher than other iron-based adsorbents. Additionally, P adsorption increases with the increase of ionic strength from 0.001 to 1.0N, indicating that the inner-sphere mechanism was importantly involved in the P adsorption. This P adsorption is spontaneous and endothermic, supported by the negative changed standard free energy with temperatures (δGo=-4.33, -4.56, -4.80, -5.02kJ/mol at 288, 298, 308, and 318K, respectively) and the positive δHo values (0.28kJ/mol). The positive δSo (2.79J/molK) further indicates that the randomness increased at solid-solution interface during P adsorption. These results reveal potential applications of Fe3O4 nano-particles for P removal/recovery in wastewaters or freshwaters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-154
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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