To remove strontium (Sr) efficiently from aqueous solutions is important as Sr-90 is a radionuclide and could be a serious threat to the environment. This study examines the feasibility of Sr-90 removal using BT9, generated from a FBR-Fenton facility that was utilized in treating tannery wastewater. A rapid increased of Sr adsorption was detected when the solution pH increased from 7.11 to 11.22. A maxima adsorption capacity was estimated to be 29.85mg Sr/g BT9 at 323K and pH 11.22. Additionally, Sr adsorption decreases with the increase of the M/Sr from 0 to 100, indicating that the outer-sphere mechanism was importantly involved in the Sr adsorption. This Sr adsorption is spontaneous and endothermic, supported by the negative changed standard free energy with temperatures (δ G°=-5.75, -6.26, -6.72kJ/mol at 288, 303, and 323K, respectively) and the positive δ H° values (2.14kJ/mol). The positive δ S° (27.49J/molK) further indicates that the randomness increased at solid-solution interface during Sr adsorption.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 Aug 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)