We explored the application of satellite radar altimetry for the monitoring of small inland bodies of water and hydrologic studies using a water-detection algorithm, optimally retracked TOPEX/POSEIDON data at 10-Hz sampling, and investigated the use of radar backscatter to improve land cover classification. The procedure was demonstrated over Manitoba and south-western (SW) Ontario, and the Amazon River Basin study regions. Compared with an L-band synthetic aperture radar data generated water-land cover mask, the water-detection algorithm detected more water points over the Amazon basin. High correlation of 0.98 between the retracked 10-Hz altimetry and the gauge measurements in Manitoba confirmed that the retracked TOPEX data are more accurate than the non-retracked data, and with higher along-track spatial resolution by virtue of its higher sampling at 10 Hz.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)