Application of rough and fuzzy set theory for prediction of stochastic wind speed data using long short-term memory

Moslem Imani, Hoda Fakour, Wen Hau Lan, Huan Chin Kao, Chi Ming Lee, Yu Shen Hsiao, Chung Yen Kuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Despite the great significance of precisely forecasting the wind speed for development of the new and clean energy technology and stable grid operators, the stochasticity of wind speed makes the prediction a complex and challenging task. For improving the security and economic performance of power grids, accurate short-term wind power forecasting is crucial. In this paper, a deep learning model (Long Short-term Memory (LSTM)) has been proposed for wind speed prediction. Knowing that wind speed time series is nonlinear stochastic, the mutual information (MI) approach was used to find the best subset from the data by maximizing the joint MI between subset and target output. To enhance the accuracy and reduce input characteristics and data uncertainties, rough set and interval type-2 fuzzy set theory are combined in the proposed deep learning model. Wind speed data from an international airport station in the southern coast of Iran Bandar-Abbas City was used as the original input dataset for the optimized deep learning model. Based on the statistical results, the rough set LSTM (RST-LSTM) model showed better prediction accuracy than fuzzy and original LSTM, as well as traditional neural networks, with the lowest error for training and testing datasets in different time horizons. The suggested model can support the optimization of the control approach and the smooth procedure of power system. The results confirm the superior capabilities of deep learning techniques for wind speed forecasting, which could also inspire new applications in meteorology assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number924
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)


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