Applications of surface modification techniques in enhancement of phase change heat transfer

Tzong Shyng Leu, Hung Wen Lin, Tseng Hsin Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


When saturated vapor passes over a colder substrate, liquid drops nucleate and grow by coalescence with surrounding drops. Typically speaking, nucleation and growth rates of water droplets are faster on a hydrophilic surface than on a hydrophobic surface. However, heat transfer efficiency degrades once surface becomes filmwise condensation. In this paper, vapor condensing on a gradient surface to prevent filmwise condensation is studied. New gradient surfaces are fabricated. It is demonstrated that 10% increase of condensation heat flux can be achieved on a silicon wafer with C = 1 mm gradient surface. The main mechanism for heat transfer enhancement is found to be that drops condensing on C = 1 mm gradient surface begin to move at a much smaller size compared with those on silicon wafer without modification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1381-1384
Number of pages4
JournalModern Physics Letters B
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2010 May 30

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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