Asphalt modified by styrene-butadiene-styrene triblock copolymer: Morphology and model

Jian-Shiuh Chen, Min Chih Liao, Ming Shen Shiah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

131 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) triblock copolymer was used to modify the asphalt binder. The morphology and engineering properties of the binders were investigated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), rotational viscometer, and dynamic shear rheometer. The morphology of polymer-modified asphalt was described by the SBS concentration and the presence of microstructure of the copolymer. When the SBS concentration increased, the copolymer gradually became the dominant phase, and the transition was followed by a change in engineering properties of SBS-modified asphalt. Results from TEM showed that depending on the asphalt and copolymer source, a variety of morphology can be found. The SBS-modified binders might show a continous asphalt phase with dispersed SBS particles, a continuous polymer phase with dispersed asphalt globules, or two interlocked continuous phases. The optimum SBS content was determined based on the formation of the critical network between asphalt and polymer. Because of this network formation, the binders showed a large increase in the complex modulus that indicates resistance to rutting. At low SBS concentrations, the Kerner model was found to be appropriate to estimate the rheological properties of SBS-modified asphalt. An adapted Kerner equation was proposed in this study to predict the complex modulus of modified asphalt at high SBS concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-229
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 May 1

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asphalt
Styrene
Asphalt
Butadiene
Block copolymers
Binders
styrene-butadiene-styrene triblock copolymer
Polymers
Copolymers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "The styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) triblock copolymer was used to modify the asphalt binder. The morphology and engineering properties of the binders were investigated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), rotational viscometer, and dynamic shear rheometer. The morphology of polymer-modified asphalt was described by the SBS concentration and the presence of microstructure of the copolymer. When the SBS concentration increased, the copolymer gradually became the dominant phase, and the transition was followed by a change in engineering properties of SBS-modified asphalt. Results from TEM showed that depending on the asphalt and copolymer source, a variety of morphology can be found. The SBS-modified binders might show a continous asphalt phase with dispersed SBS particles, a continuous polymer phase with dispersed asphalt globules, or two interlocked continuous phases. The optimum SBS content was determined based on the formation of the critical network between asphalt and polymer. Because of this network formation, the binders showed a large increase in the complex modulus that indicates resistance to rutting. At low SBS concentrations, the Kerner model was found to be appropriate to estimate the rheological properties of SBS-modified asphalt. An adapted Kerner equation was proposed in this study to predict the complex modulus of modified asphalt at high SBS concentrations.",
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Asphalt modified by styrene-butadiene-styrene triblock copolymer : Morphology and model. / Chen, Jian-Shiuh; Liao, Min Chih; Shiah, Ming Shen.

In: Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 14, No. 3, 01.05.2002, p. 224-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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