Assessing carpal kinematics following scapholunate interosseous ligament injury ex vivo using four-dimensional dynamic computed tomography

Taylor P. Trentadue, Cesar Lopez, Ryan E. Breighner, Mohsen Akbari-Shandiz, Kai Nan An, Shuai Leng, David R. Holmes, Steven L. Moran, Sanjeev Kakar, Jay Smith, Andrew Thoreson, Kristin D. Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Scapholunate interosseous ligament injuries are prevalent and often challenging to diagnose radiographically. Four-dimensional CT allows visualization of carpal bones during motion. We present a cadaveric model of sequential ligamentous sectionings (“injuries”) to quantify their effects on interosseous proximities at the radioscaphoid joint and scapholunate interval. We hypothesized that injury, wrist position, and their interaction affect carpal arthrokinematics. Methods: Eight cadaveric wrists were moved through flexion-extension and radioulnar deviation after injuries. Dynamic CT images of each motion were acquired in each injury condition using a second-generation dual-source CT scanner. Carpal osteokinematics were used to calculate arthrokinematic interosseous proximity distributions during motion. Median interosseous proximities were normalized and categorized by wrist position. Linear mixed-effects models and marginal means tests were used to compare distributions of median interosseous proximities. Findings: The effect of wrist position was significant for both flexion-extension and radioulnar deviation at the radioscaphoid joint; the effect of injury was significant for flexion-extension at the scapholunate interval; and the effect of their interaction was significant for radioulnar deviation at the scapholunate interval. Across wrist positions, radioscaphoid median interosseous proximities were less able to distinguish injury conditions versus scapholunate proximities. Median interosseous proximities at the scapholunate interval are majoritively able to detect differences between less (Geissler I-III) versus more (Geissler IV) severe injuries when the wrist is flexed, extended, and ulnarly-deviated. Interpretation: Dynamic CT enhances our understanding of carpal arthrokinematics in a cadaveric model of SLIL injury. Scapholunate median interosseous proximities in flexion, extension, and ulnar deviation best demonstrate ligamentous integrity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106007
JournalClinical Biomechanics
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jul

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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