Assessing cross-cultural equivalence through confirmatory factor analysis

Kuei Hsiang Hsueh, Linda R. Phillips, Wen-Yun Chang, Sandra J.Fulton Picot

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9 Citations (Scopus)


This article presents a study in which Picot's caregiver rewards scale (PCRS), originally developed in English, was cross-culturally validated with 137 Chinese adult children family caregivers in the United States using confirmatory factor analysis. A one-factor structure of the 21-item revised Chinese PCRS was supported as indicated by goodness-of-fit index = . 94, adjusted goodness-of-fit index = .93, standardized root mean square residual = .09, and chi-square to df ratio = 2.7. Chi-square for this model was (χ 2 [189, n = 137] = 514, p < .05). The standardized alpha was .90. All factor loadings were significant (p < .00) and above .30. Construct validity was supported by significant associations with caregivers' filial beliefs (r = .32, p < .07) and caregivers' filial affection toward parents (r = .23, p < .05). Results suggest that the Chinese PCRS is a summative measure of perceived caregiver rewards with potential for evaluating interventions to reduce perceived burden among adult children family caregivers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)755-771
Number of pages17
JournalWestern Journal of Nursing Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Oct 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)

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