Assessing the effect of health belief, knowledge, and social support on compliance behaviors in chronic hemodialysis patients

C. C. Lin, N. Y. Ko, L. C. Tsai, C. H. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of hemodialysis patients' health belief, knowledge on uremia, and social support upon their compliance behavior. The convenience sample of 330 hemodialysis (HD) patients was obtained at HD centers in southern Taiwan. With the use of a questionnaire developed by the researcher, all subjects were interviewed during hemodialysis. Data analyses were processed by a personal computer with SPSS/PC. Pearson correlation, ANOVA, chi-square, multiple regression and factor analysis were selected as the analysis methods for this study. The results indicated: (1) The average overall rate of compliance was 72.1% by patient self report for fluid limit, diet restriction and taking PBM. (2) Two factors of subject's health belief were identified by factor analysis. (3) Those who had more positive motivation for compliance with therapeutic regiments, more knowledge on uremia and stronger social support were positively correlated with compliance behaviors. (4) The best predictive variables of compliance behaviors of HD patients included positive motivation, knowledge on uremia, educational level, current daily urine amount and age; these five variables explained 23% of variance in compliance behaviors. (5) The instruments with a satisfactory validity and reliability developed by the researcher could provide a valuable basis for relevant future research. Implications of these findings for nursing practice are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)470-480
Number of pages11
JournalGaoxiong yi xue ke xue za zhi = The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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