Association Between Risk of Clostridium difficile Infection and Duration of Proton Pump Inhibitor or H2-Receptor Antagonist Use in Hospitalized Patients

Chien Huei Huang, Yung Hsin Tseng, Wen Shan Tsai, Chien Chou Su, Ching Lan Cheng, Yea Huei Kao Yang, Yu Ching Chang, Yi Hsuan Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Limited studies have evaluated the association between Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and the duration of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) or histamine H2-receptor blocker (H2RA) use and provided a cutoff duration for PPI or H2RA use to mitigate a substantially increased risk of CDI. We aimed to evaluate these associations in hospitalized patients using a nationwide insurance claims database. Methods: We conducted a nested case–control study to identify cases with a first ever record of CDI in a study cohort undergoing PPI or H2RA therapy from the National Health Insurance Database from 2012 to 2018. Each case was matched with one control by age, sex, and calendar year. We used conditional logistic regression to estimate the sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC ROC). Youden’s J statistic was used to identify the optimal cutoff duration in days for PPI or H2RA use. Results: In the main analysis, the AUC ROC was 0.64 (95% CI 0.63–0.66) and optimal cutoff duration was 15 days for PPI users. The AUC ROC was 0.63 (95% CI 0.62–0.64) and optimal cutoff duration was 16 days for H2RA users. In the sensitivity analyses, the results were similar to those of the main analysis, and the optimal cutoff duration was in the range of 14–15 days. Conclusions: The optimal cutoff duration for PPI and H2RA use was about 2 weeks. It is necessary to be cautious regarding the risk of CDI in patients taking PPIs or H2RAs for longer than 2 weeks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-383
Number of pages11
JournalInfectious Diseases and Therapy
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Association Between Risk of Clostridium difficile Infection and Duration of Proton Pump Inhibitor or H2-Receptor Antagonist Use in Hospitalized Patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this