Association of CD14 promoter polymorphisms and soluble CD14 levels in mite allergen sensitization of children in Taiwan

Choon Yee Tan, Yi Lin Chen, Lawrence Shih Hsin Wu, Chai Fan Liu, Wen-Tsan Chang, Jiu-Yao Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CD14 is responsible for environmental lipopolysaccharide recognition and is a positional candidate gene for allergy. We hypothesized that genetic polymorphisms in the promoter region of the CD14 gene may be associated with Dermatophagoides pteronysinnus (Der p) allergen sensitization in children. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the CD14 promoter region, C(-159)T, A(-1,145)G, and G(-1,359)T were genotyped, and analyzed in 240 randomized case-control school-age children in Taiwan. Serum concentrations of IgE and soluble CD14 (sCD14) were also assayed. We found a significant inverse correlation of sCD14 and total serum IgE levels in our study population. Moreover, sCD14 binds Der p allergen in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. The distribution of three SNPs genotypes was similar in asthmatic children and the control group. However, there was a significant difference in the distribution of genotype CD14 G(-1,359)T, but not C(-159)T, between mite-sensitive and non-sensitive children. Haplotype analysis showed strong linkage disequilibrium among these three SNPs in the CD14 promoter region. Carriers of the CD14-159C/-1,145A/-1,359T haplotype had the highest IgE and lowest sCD14 levels as compared to other haplotypes. Our results support the hypothesis that CD14 gene variants may play an important role in influencing allergen sensitization of children in Taiwan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-67
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Human Genetics
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jan 1

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Mites
Taiwan
Allergens
Genetic Promoter Regions
Haplotypes
Immunoglobulin E
Dermatophagoides Antigens
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Genotype
Genes
Linkage Disequilibrium
Genetic Polymorphisms
Serum
Lipopolysaccharides
Hypersensitivity
Control Groups
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics

Cite this

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abstract = "CD14 is responsible for environmental lipopolysaccharide recognition and is a positional candidate gene for allergy. We hypothesized that genetic polymorphisms in the promoter region of the CD14 gene may be associated with Dermatophagoides pteronysinnus (Der p) allergen sensitization in children. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the CD14 promoter region, C(-159)T, A(-1,145)G, and G(-1,359)T were genotyped, and analyzed in 240 randomized case-control school-age children in Taiwan. Serum concentrations of IgE and soluble CD14 (sCD14) were also assayed. We found a significant inverse correlation of sCD14 and total serum IgE levels in our study population. Moreover, sCD14 binds Der p allergen in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. The distribution of three SNPs genotypes was similar in asthmatic children and the control group. However, there was a significant difference in the distribution of genotype CD14 G(-1,359)T, but not C(-159)T, between mite-sensitive and non-sensitive children. Haplotype analysis showed strong linkage disequilibrium among these three SNPs in the CD14 promoter region. Carriers of the CD14-159C/-1,145A/-1,359T haplotype had the highest IgE and lowest sCD14 levels as compared to other haplotypes. Our results support the hypothesis that CD14 gene variants may play an important role in influencing allergen sensitization of children in Taiwan.",
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Association of CD14 promoter polymorphisms and soluble CD14 levels in mite allergen sensitization of children in Taiwan. / Tan, Choon Yee; Chen, Yi Lin; Wu, Lawrence Shih Hsin; Liu, Chai Fan; Chang, Wen-Tsan; Wang, Jiu-Yao.

In: Journal of Human Genetics, Vol. 51, No. 1, 01.01.2006, p. 59-67.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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