Associations between variation of systolic blood pressure and neurological deterioration of ischemic stroke patients

Cheung Ter Ong, How Ran Guo, Kuo Chun Sung, Chi Shun Wu, Sheng Feng Sung, Yung Chu Hsu, Yu Hsiang Su

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Abstract

Objectives: To assess the relationship of variation of blood pressure and neurological deterioration (ND) in ischemic stroke patients. Methods: We recruited patients with the first-ever ischemic stroke at a teaching hospital. The National Institutes of Health Stoke Score (NIHSS) of each patient was monitored for 2 months. ND was defined as an increase of ≥ 2 points in NIHSS during the first 7 days after stroke. Blood pressure was measured every 6 hours for first 7 days. We analyzed blood pressure data in the first 36 hours to study the relationship between variation of blood pressure and ND. Successive variation of systolic (svSBP) and diastolic (svDBP) blood pressure was calculated as svSBP= |SBPn+1-SBPn| and svDBP= |DBPn+1 - DBPn| respectively. The largest svSBP in the first 36 hours of hospitalization or before ND was defined as maximum variation of systolic blood pressure (maxvSBP). Then, the mean variation of systolic (mvSBP) and diastolic (mvDBP) blood pressure was calculated as mvSBP= svSBP/N and mvDBP= svDBP/N respectively. Results: A total of 121 patients were included in this study, and 38 of them had ND. The mvSBP was higher in the ND Group (17.9±8.4 mmHg vs. 13.7±4.4 mmHg, p=0.006) but the difference in mvDBP did not reach statistical significance (9.8±3.5mmHg vs. 8.6±3.0 mmHg p=0.06). The ND Group had a larger maxvSBP (35.2±17.2 vs. 27.6±11.6 mmHg, p =0.01), which was more frequently over 30mmHg than that in the stable group (P=0.02). Conclusions: A large svSBP is associated with an increased risk for ND. The study highlights the importance of close monitoring of blood pressure in ischemic stroke patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-223
Number of pages7
JournalNeurology Asia
Volume15
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Ong, C. T., Guo, H. R., Sung, K. C., Wu, C. S., Sung, S. F., Hsu, Y. C., & Su, Y. H. (2010). Associations between variation of systolic blood pressure and neurological deterioration of ischemic stroke patients. Neurology Asia, 15(3), 217-223.