Bipolar disorder (BD) and metabolic disturbance represent a chronic state of low-grade inflammation and corticostriatal circuitry alterations. Herein, we aimed to investigate whether plasma leptin, an adipokine that plays a key role in the interplay of metabolism and inflammation, is associated with corticostriatal connectivity in patients with BD. Twenty-eight BD I patients, 36 BD II patients and 66 healthy controls were enrolled and completed the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, the Young Mania Rating Scale, and the Recent Life Change Questionnaire. Fasting plasma leptin and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were measured, and corticostriatal connectivity was examined using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The relationships between leptin, CRP and body mass index (BMI) identified in the controls and BD II patients were absent in the BD I patients. We did not find a significant group difference in the leptin level; nevertheless, the negative correlation between leptin level and corticostriatal connectivity (ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and inferior temporal gyrus) observed in the healthy controls was absent in the BD patients. The disproportionate increase in leptin level with increasing BMI in BD indicated a potential inflammatory role of white adipose tissue in BD. Furthermore, higher CRP levels in BD I patients might induce leptin resistance. Collectively, our results implied vulnerability to inflammatory and metabolic diseases in patients with BD, especially BD I.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes