The mechanism by which the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor trichostatin A inhibits epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced human 12(S)-lipoxygenase expression was studied. Trichostatin A treatment of human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells inhibited the EGF-induced 12(S)-lipoxygenase enzymatic activity in a dose-dependent manner that was consistent with the expression of 12(S)-lipoxygenase mRNA and protein. Confocal microscopy indicated that trichostatin A treatment of cells resulted in downregulation of EGF-induced c-Jun expression. Western blotting revealed that trichostatin A treatment of cells resulted in downregulation of EGF-induced c-Jun and constitutively Sp1 expression. Results of a chromatin immunoprecipitation assay revealed that trichostatin A treatment of cells also upregulated Sp1 acetylation and attenuated the recruitment of Sp1, c-Jun, and p300 to the 12(S)-lipoxygenase gene promoter. These results suggested that trichostatin A inhibited EGF-induced 12(S)-lipoxygenase expression by multiple mechanisms, including the attenuation of c-Jun and Sp1 expression and p300 recruitment to the 12(S)-lipoxygenase gene promoter.
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