Autoantibodies and related immunological examinations were measured in 60 leprosy patients from a leprosarium in Taiwan. Thirty-one lepromatous type, 24 tuberculoid type and 5 borderline type patients were identified. The measured autoantibodies included antinuclear antibodies, anti-nDNA, anti-cardiolipin and rheumatoid factor. Serum protein electrophoresis and immunofixation were also performed to detect the monoclonal and polyclonal status of immunoglobulins. Circulating immune complex and complements were also quantitated. Delayed type skin tests were performed during patients' visits. A higher frequency of autoantibodies, especially the antinuclear antibodies and anticardiolipin antibodies, were detected in lepromatous type patients. Higher levels of circulating immune complex and frequency of polyclonal and monoclonal gammopathy were also noted in lepromatous type patients. Anergy skin tests were only noted in lepromatous type patients. It was concluded that the more impared cell-mediated immunity in leprosy patients, with lepromatous type in particular, the greater the production of autoantibodies.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Zhonghua Minguo wei sheng wu ji mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of microbiology and immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1992 Aug|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes