A synthesis tool consisting of coefficient synthesis of architecture, circuit specifications synthesis, and CMOS operational-amplifier (op-amp) synthesis for discrete-time sigma-delta modulators (SDMs) is presented. In circuit specifications synthesis, several major circuit non-idealities are discussed and modeled. A precise performance prediction with a new design flow of specification synthesis is proposed. A hybrid design methodology composed of equation-based and simulation-based approaches for synthesizing fully differential two-stage and folded-cascode op-amps in 0.35μm technology is also presented. Experimental results show that the peak signal-to-noise and distortion ratio (PSNDR) of the fourth-order feed-forward (FF) SDM with an oversampling ratio (OSR) of 64 and a bandwidth of 20 KHz estimated by the proposed synthesis tool is 94.19 dB, and the result of the circuit simulation with folded-cascode op-amp is 93.03 dB. The estimated PSNDR of the third-order multiple-feedback (MF) SDM with an OSR of 32 and a bandwidth of 256 KHz is 59.52 dB, and the HSPICE simulation result is 55.39 dB.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering