Automatic and interactive e-Learning auxiliary material generation utilizing particle swarm optimization

Tien Chi Huang, Yueh Min Huang, Shu Chen Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this research was to utilize a PSO-based algorithm, serial blog article composition particle swarm optimization (SBACPSO) algorithm, to automatically and intelligently generate auxiliary materials. Contrary to previous fixed content auxiliary materials, the proposed auxiliary materials, which consist of blogs posted by learners, provide more interactive and cooperative characteristics for the learning process. With a few blog features such as comments, trackbacks, difficulty levels, and association degree related to a specific topic, the best combination of blog articles is produced as an auxiliary material. The generated auxiliary materials from a real course are presented in a system demonstration. The experimental results and satisfaction analysis also indicate that the proposed algorithm can achieve the expected convergence, with participants being satisfied with interaction, assistance, usability, and flexibility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2113-2122
Number of pages10
JournalExpert Systems With Applications
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Nov

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence


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