Glycerol and glycerol/water solution were converted to syngas over Pt-, LaMnO3-, and Pt/LaMnO3-coated monoliths under autothermal partial oxidation. XRD and SEM were used to characterize the phase compositions and surface morphologies of freshly prepared and postreaction catalysts. A continuous fixed-bed design, without an upstream vaporizer or external heat supply, was operated at millisecond contact times. Among the catalysts used in this study, Pt was the least reactive, and its activity was found to be reduced by sintering. Pt also tended to produce nonequilibrium products such as ethylene and acetaldehyde in fuel-rich environments. In contrast, LaMnO3 was found to favor glycerol combustion, producing fewer minor products and generating sufficient heat to sustain autothermal operations in fuel- and steam-rich regimes. Pt supported on LaMnO3 showed a synergistic effect of Pt sintering suppression and a broad H2/CO distribution in the resulting syngas. This effect can be correlated to the interaction between Pt and LaMnO3.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2012 Dec 19|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering