Systemic administration of Salmonella to tumor-bearing mice leads to the preferential accumulation within tumor sites and retardation of the tumor growth. Host factors including innate and adaptive immune responses influence Salmonella-induced antitumor activity. Antitumor activities of Salmonella are not only determined by the tumor regression but also by the host immune response. Herein, we demonstrated that B cells play an important role in the antitumor activity mediated by Salmonella. Body weight and survival of B cell-deficient mice were decreased compared with wild-type, CD8+ cell-deficient, or CD4+ cell-deficient mice after Salmonella administration. Although Salmonella accumulated within the tumors in B cell-deficient mice, the bacterial loads of healthy organs were higher than those in wild-type mice. The inflammation cytokine and bacteremia were found in B cell-deficient mice after Salmonella treatment. When Salmonella accumulated within the tumor, B cells inhibited the dissemination of Salmonella to other healthy organs. The depletion of host B cells resulted in a noticeably higher total number of Salmonella in the tumor and inhibited tumor growth. Meanwhile, B cell-depletive and B cell-adoptive transfer of serum experiments demonstrated that the natural antibody produced by B cell takes part in the control of Salmonella dissemination in tumor-bearing mice. In this study, we want to address the mechanisms of incorporating host immunoresponse as a way to augment the antitumor activities of Salmonella.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology