Band Selection via Band Density Prominence Clustering for Hyperspectral Image Classification

Chein I. Chang, Yi Mei Kuo, Kenneth Yeonkong Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Band clustering has been widely used for hyperspectral band selection (BS). However, selecting an appropriate band to represent a band cluster is a key issue. Density peak clustering (DPC) provides an effective means for this purpose, referred to as DPC-based BS (DPC-BS). It uses two indicators, cluster density and cluster distance, to rank all bands for BS. This paper reinterprets cluster density and cluster distance as band local density (BLD) and band distance (BD) and also introduces a new concept called band prominence value (BPV) as a third indicator. Combining BLD and BD with BPV derives new band prioritization criteria for BS, which can extend the currently used DPC-BS to a new DPC-BS method referred to as band density prominence clustering (BDPC). By taking advantage of the three key indicators of BDPC, i.e., cut-off band distance bc, k nearest neighboring-band local density, and BPV, two versions of BDPC can be derived called bc-BDPC and k-BDPC, both of which are quite different from existing DPC-based BS methods in three aspects. One is that the parameter bc of bc-BDPC and the parameter k of k-BDPC can be automatically determined by the number of clusters and virtual dimensionality (VD), respectively. Another is that instead of using Euclidean distance, a spectral discrimination measure is used to calculate BD as well as inter-band correlation. The most important and significant aspect is a novel idea that combines BPV with BLD and BD to derive new band prioritization criteria for BS. Extensive experiments demonstrate that BDPC generally performs better than DPC-BS as well as many current state-of-the art BS methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number942
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Mar

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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