Behavior of ground vibrations induced by trains moving on embankments with rail roughness

Shen-Haw Ju, J. R. Liao, Y. L. Ye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates the behavior of ground vibrations induced by trains moving on embankments using theoretical formulations, finite element analyses, and field experiments. The train-induced vibrations are large at the dominant frequencies of nV/Lc, even though the rail is very rough, where n is a positive integer, V is the train speed, and Lc is the carriage interval. For subsonic train speeds, the train-induced ground vibration is extremely small when the rail is perfectly smooth, but with a minor rail irregularity, the train-induced ground vibration can be significantly increased. However, for supersonic train speeds, the ground vibrations with or without rail irregularities are not very different, and the vibration of the first dominant frequency having the longest wavelength is the most obvious wave.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1237-1249
Number of pages13
JournalSoil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
Volume30
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Embankments
roughness
vibration
embankment
train
Rails
Surface roughness
rail transportation
Wavelength
wavelengths
wavelength
Experiments
speed

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Soil Science

Cite this

@article{62b4ade852324eeb9bfd99913950e440,
title = "Behavior of ground vibrations induced by trains moving on embankments with rail roughness",
abstract = "This study investigates the behavior of ground vibrations induced by trains moving on embankments using theoretical formulations, finite element analyses, and field experiments. The train-induced vibrations are large at the dominant frequencies of nV/Lc, even though the rail is very rough, where n is a positive integer, V is the train speed, and Lc is the carriage interval. For subsonic train speeds, the train-induced ground vibration is extremely small when the rail is perfectly smooth, but with a minor rail irregularity, the train-induced ground vibration can be significantly increased. However, for supersonic train speeds, the ground vibrations with or without rail irregularities are not very different, and the vibration of the first dominant frequency having the longest wavelength is the most obvious wave.",
author = "Shen-Haw Ju and Liao, {J. R.} and Ye, {Y. L.}",
year = "2010",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.soildyn.2010.05.006",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "1237--1249",
journal = "Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering",
issn = "0267-7261",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "11",

}

Behavior of ground vibrations induced by trains moving on embankments with rail roughness. / Ju, Shen-Haw; Liao, J. R.; Ye, Y. L.

In: Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 30, No. 11, 01.11.2010, p. 1237-1249.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Behavior of ground vibrations induced by trains moving on embankments with rail roughness

AU - Ju, Shen-Haw

AU - Liao, J. R.

AU - Ye, Y. L.

PY - 2010/11/1

Y1 - 2010/11/1

N2 - This study investigates the behavior of ground vibrations induced by trains moving on embankments using theoretical formulations, finite element analyses, and field experiments. The train-induced vibrations are large at the dominant frequencies of nV/Lc, even though the rail is very rough, where n is a positive integer, V is the train speed, and Lc is the carriage interval. For subsonic train speeds, the train-induced ground vibration is extremely small when the rail is perfectly smooth, but with a minor rail irregularity, the train-induced ground vibration can be significantly increased. However, for supersonic train speeds, the ground vibrations with or without rail irregularities are not very different, and the vibration of the first dominant frequency having the longest wavelength is the most obvious wave.

AB - This study investigates the behavior of ground vibrations induced by trains moving on embankments using theoretical formulations, finite element analyses, and field experiments. The train-induced vibrations are large at the dominant frequencies of nV/Lc, even though the rail is very rough, where n is a positive integer, V is the train speed, and Lc is the carriage interval. For subsonic train speeds, the train-induced ground vibration is extremely small when the rail is perfectly smooth, but with a minor rail irregularity, the train-induced ground vibration can be significantly increased. However, for supersonic train speeds, the ground vibrations with or without rail irregularities are not very different, and the vibration of the first dominant frequency having the longest wavelength is the most obvious wave.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77955510768&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77955510768&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.soildyn.2010.05.006

DO - 10.1016/j.soildyn.2010.05.006

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77955510768

VL - 30

SP - 1237

EP - 1249

JO - Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering

JF - Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering

SN - 0267-7261

IS - 11

ER -