Behavior of monopile foundations under cyclic lateral load

Martin Achmus, Yu Shu Kuo, Khalid Abdel-Rahman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

374 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes the development and application of design charts for monopile foundations of offshore wind turbines in sandy soil under long-term cyclic lateral load. It outlines a numerical model, working with a numerical concept, which makes the calculation of accumulated displacements based on cyclic triaxial test results possible, and it describes important factors affecting the deformation response of a monopile to cyclic lateral loads. The effects of pile length, diameter and loading state on the accumulation rate of lateral deformation are presented and design charts are given, in which a normalized ultimate lateral resistance of a pile is used. For monopiles with very large diameter, the suitability of the "zero-toe-kick" and "vertical tangent" design critera for determining the required embedded length is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)725-735
Number of pages11
JournalComputers and Geotechnics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Computer Science Applications


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