Bi-directional trajectory tracking with variable block-size motion estimation for frame rate up-convertor

Gwo-Giun Lee, Chun Fu Chen, Ching Jui Hsiao, Jui Che Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents bi-directional trajectory tracking with variable block-size motion estimation for frame rate up-conversion (FRUC) based on the algorithm/architecture co-exploration (AAC) design methodology. Due to concurrent exploration in both algorithm and architecture domains, the designed system requires fewer computations and lowers hardware cost, but is capable of enhancing the accuracy of motion vectors (MVs) by allowing MV refinement from coarse-grained to fine-grained. In addition, a method that uses multiple block candidates tracked by bi-directional MVs for interpolation is also presented to improve visual quality. Benefiting from AAC, we can extract architectural information at algorithmic design phase to determine the most feasible architecture; then, the proposed algorithm can be mapped onto target platform smoothly. The proposed FRUC system, which is capable of converting the frame rate from 60 fps up to 120 fps at full HD (1920 × 1080) resolution, was successfully implemented and verified on a field-programmable gate array. This FRUC system's performance has not only been shown to surpass state-of-art alternatives in algorithmic performance, but its hardware cost is less than the comparable works described in the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6740045
Pages (from-to)29-42
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this