Bifurcation of poloidal rotation and suppression of turbulent fluctuations: A model for the L-H transition in tokamaks

Ker-Chung Shaing, E. C. Crume, W. A. Houlberg

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The poloidal momentum balance equation in tokamaks is shown to have bifurcated solutions; the poloidal flow velocity Up can suddenly become more positive when the ion collisionality decreases. The corresponding radial electric field Er becomes more negative, suppresses turbulent fluctuations, and improves plasma confinement. A heuristic argument is employed to illustrate the effects of Er on turbulent fluctuations. A more negative value of Er and/or a more positive value of dE r/dr can suppress the fluctuation amplitudes, if dP/dr<0 (with r the local minor radius and P the plasma pressure). The theory is employed to explain the L-H transition observed in tokamaks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1492-1498
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics of Fluids B
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1990 Jan 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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