Bio-jet fuel conversion technologies

Wei-Cheng Wang, Ling Tao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biomass-derived jet (bio-jet) fuel has become a key element in the aviation industry's strategy to reduce operating costs and environmental impacts. Researchers from the oil-refining industry, the aviation industry, government, biofuel companies, agricultural organizations, and academia are working toward developing a commercially viable and sustainable process that produces a long-lasting renewable jet fuel with low production costs and low greenhouse emissions. This jet fuel, additionally, must meet ASTM International specifications and potentially be a 100% drop-in replacement for current petroleum jet fuel. In this study, the current technologies for producing renewable jet fuels, categorized by alcohols-to-jet, oil-to-jet, syngas-to-jet, and sugar-to-jet pathways are reviewed. The main challenges for each technology pathway, including conceptual process design, process economics and life-cycle assessment of greenhouse gas emissions are discussed. Although the feedstock price and availability and energy intensity of the process are significant barriers, biomass-derived jet fuel has the potential to replace a significant portion of conventional jet fuel required to meet commercial and military demand.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)801-822
Number of pages22
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Jet fuel
Aviation
Industry
Biomass
Greenhouses
Biofuels
Gas emissions
Operating costs
Greenhouse gases
Sugars
Feedstocks
Refining
Environmental impact
Life cycle
Process design
Alcohols
Crude oil
Availability
Specifications
Economics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

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Bio-jet fuel conversion technologies. / Wang, Wei-Cheng; Tao, Ling.

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 53, 01.01.2016, p. 801-822.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Tao, Ling

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