Bioactivity and platelet adhesion study of a human thrombomodulin- immobilized nitinol surface

Hsi Yi Yeh, Jui-Che Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nitinol is a newly developed biomaterial that is gaining popularity in many biomedical applications. It has been reported that nitinol would not induce an inflammatory response and repulsion by the immunization after implantation in the human body. Besides, nitinol is a kind of shape memory alloy, which can memorize shapes at different temperatures. This can improve the convenience in surgery. However, nitinol has poor blood compatibility, so that further modification was needed to improve the antithrombogenicity. Human thrombomodulin (hTM), an endothelial-cell-associated glycoprotein, can be considered as a natural potent anticoagulant by converting thrombin from a procoagulant protease to an anticoagulant. In this study, the surface of nitinol was pre-activated by utilizing silanization with amino-terminated silane. The incorporated amino groups were available for the subsequent covalent immobilization of hTM by 2,4,6-trichloro-1,3,5-triazine (TCT), the coupling reagent. The surface density of immobilized hTM was determined by the Bradford method. The bioactivity of immobilized hTM and blood compatibility of various nitinol substrates were evaluated by the protein C activation assay and platelet adhesion test. It was observed that the immobilized hTM still had the ability to enhance protein C activation, though its activity was lower than the free hTM in solution. Furthermore, the platelet adhesion test showed that only a few platelets were adhered on the hTM-immobilized nitinol substrate. Therefore, the immobilization of thrombomodulin onto nitinol substrate could improve the blood compatibility of nitinol and might have the potential of application in antithrombogenic medical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)807-819
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition
Volume20
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Platelets
Bioactivity
Blood
Blood Platelets
Adhesion
Substrates
Chemical activation
Immunization
Proteins
Glycoproteins
Endothelial cells
Medical applications
Silanes
Shape memory effect
Biomaterials
Surgery
Assays
Protein C
Immobilization
Anticoagulants

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Nitinol is a newly developed biomaterial that is gaining popularity in many biomedical applications. It has been reported that nitinol would not induce an inflammatory response and repulsion by the immunization after implantation in the human body. Besides, nitinol is a kind of shape memory alloy, which can memorize shapes at different temperatures. This can improve the convenience in surgery. However, nitinol has poor blood compatibility, so that further modification was needed to improve the antithrombogenicity. Human thrombomodulin (hTM), an endothelial-cell-associated glycoprotein, can be considered as a natural potent anticoagulant by converting thrombin from a procoagulant protease to an anticoagulant. In this study, the surface of nitinol was pre-activated by utilizing silanization with amino-terminated silane. The incorporated amino groups were available for the subsequent covalent immobilization of hTM by 2,4,6-trichloro-1,3,5-triazine (TCT), the coupling reagent. The surface density of immobilized hTM was determined by the Bradford method. The bioactivity of immobilized hTM and blood compatibility of various nitinol substrates were evaluated by the protein C activation assay and platelet adhesion test. It was observed that the immobilized hTM still had the ability to enhance protein C activation, though its activity was lower than the free hTM in solution. Furthermore, the platelet adhesion test showed that only a few platelets were adhered on the hTM-immobilized nitinol substrate. Therefore, the immobilization of thrombomodulin onto nitinol substrate could improve the blood compatibility of nitinol and might have the potential of application in antithrombogenic medical applications.",
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Bioactivity and platelet adhesion study of a human thrombomodulin- immobilized nitinol surface. / Yeh, Hsi Yi; Lin, Jui-Che.

In: Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition, Vol. 20, No. 5-6, 01.03.2009, p. 807-819.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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