Biocompatible, Antibacterial, and Stable Deep Eutectic Solvent-Based Ionic Gel Multimodal Sensors for Healthcare Applications

Jia Yu Yang, Amit Kumar, Muhammad Omar Shaikh, Shu Hung Huang, Ying Nien Chou, Chao Chun Yang, Chao Kai Hsu, Li Chieh Kuo, Cheng Hsin Chuang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, we investigated a novel approach to fabricate multifunctional ionic gel sensors by using deep eutectic solvents (DESs) as replacements for water. When two distinct DESs were combined, customizable mechanical and conductive properties were created, resulting in improved performance compared with traditional hydrogel-based strain sensors. DES ionic gels possess superior mechanical properties, transparency, biocompatibility, and antimicrobial properties, making them suitable for a wide range of applications such as flexible electronics, soft robotics, and healthcare. We conducted a comprehensive evaluation of the DES ionic gels, evaluating their performance under extreme temperature conditions (−70 to 80 °C), impressive optical transparency (94%), and biocompatibility. Furthermore, a series of tests were conducted to evaluate the antibacterial performance (Escherichia coli) of the DES ionic gels. Their wide strain (1-400%) and temperature (15-50 °C)-sensing ranges demonstrate the versatility and adaptability of DES ionic gels for diverse sensing requirements. The resulting DES ionic gels were successfully applied in human activity and vital sign monitoring, demonstrating their potential for biointegrated sensing devices and healthcare applications. This study offers valuable insights into the development and optimization of hydrogel sensors, particularly for applications that require environmental stability, biocompatibility, and antibacterial performance, thereby paving the way for future advancements in this field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55244-55257
Number of pages14
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number48
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Dec 6

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Biocompatible, Antibacterial, and Stable Deep Eutectic Solvent-Based Ionic Gel Multimodal Sensors for Healthcare Applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this