Two chitosanases (CHSA1 and CHSA2) were purified from the culture supernatant of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus TKU024 with squid pen as the sole carbon/nitrogen source. The molecular masses of CHSA1 and CHSA2 determined by SDS-PAGE were approximately 27 and 66 kDa, respectively. The optimum pH, optimum temperature, pH stability, and thermal stability of CHSA1 and CHSA2 were (pH 6, 50°C, pH 4-10, <90°C) and (pH 7, 60°C, pH 6-11, <70°C), respectively. CHSA1 and CHSA2 had broad pH and thermal stability. CHSA1 and CHSA2 were both inhibited by EDTA and were inhibited completely by 5 mM Mn2+. CHSA1 and CHSA2 degraded chitosan with DD ranging from 60 to 98%, and also degraded some chitin. The most susceptible substrate was 60% deacetylated chitosan. Furthermore, TKU024 culture supernatant (1.5% SPP) incubated for 5 days has the most reducing sugars (0.63 mg/ml). With this method, we have shown that shellfish wastes may have a great potential for the production of bioactive materials.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry