Biotemplate-Assisted Growth of ZnO in Gas Sensors for ppb-Level NO2 Detection

Jia Cheng Jian, Yu Chi Chang, Sheng Po Chang, Shoou Jinn Chang

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1 Citation (Scopus)


With the growing concern over the adverse effects of environmental pollution on human health, the combination of environmentally friendly and nontoxic biomaterials with metal oxide semiconductor materials for electronic devices has emerged as a prominent trend in current research. In this study, we utilized 150 mg apple biotemplates to assist in the hydrothermal synthesis of ZnO nanospheres. It successfully achieved high sensitivity for detecting 35 and 350 ppb NO2 at room temperature, with responses of 13.74 and 132.44%, respectively. Simultaneously, the 5-cycle repeatability and multiple-gas selectivity exhibited significant improvements. The ZnO nanospheres demonstrated enhanced sensing performance compared to pure ZnO nanorods, which is attributed to the following mechanisms: reason I, the modified surface morphology increasing the surface-to-volume ratio; reason II, an increase in oxygen vacancies, leading to reduced crystallinity and a higher electron concentration; reason III, incorporation of carbon elements on the nanostructure surface to increase active sites. The novel gas sensor assisted by the apple pectin biotemplate offers a promising solution for NO2 gas detection, featuring low operating temperatures, low concentrations, and high response sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1077-1083
Number of pages7
JournalACS Omega
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Jan 9

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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