Bipartite Bell inequalities with three ternary-outcome measurements - From theory to experiments

Sacha Schwarz, Bänz Bessire, André Stefanov, Yeong Cherng Liang

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11 Citations (Scopus)


We explore quantum non locality in one of the simplest bipartite scenarios. Several new facet-defining Bell inequalities for the {[3 3 3] [3 3 3]} scenario are obtainedwith their quantumviolations analyzed in details. Surprisingly, all these inequalities involving only genuine ternary-outcome measurements can be violated maximally by some two-qubit entangled states, such as the maximally entangled twoqubit state. This gives further evidence that in analyzing the quantum violation of Bell inequalities, or in the application of the latter to device-independent quantum information processing tasks, the commonly held wisdom of equating the local Hilbert space dimension of the optimal state with the number of measurement outcomes is not necessarily justifiable. In addition, when restricted to the minimal qubit subspace, it can be shown that one of these Bell inequalities requires non-projective measurements to attain maximal quantum violation, thereby giving the first example of a facetdefining Bell inequality where a genuine positive-operator-valued measure is relevant.We experimentally demonstrate the quantum violation of this and two other Bell inequalities for this scenario using energy-time entangled photon pairs. Using the obtained measurement statistics, we demonstrate how characterization of the underlying resource in the spirit of device-independence, but supplemented with auxiliary assumptions, can be achieved. In particular, we discuss how one may get around the fact that, due to finite-size effects, raw measurement statistics typically violate the nonsignaling condition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035001
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 26

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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