Chalcones have a distinctive 1,3-diarylpropenone skeleton and exert numerous biological effects. Using a one-step Claisen-Schmidt condensation, we synthesized eleven bis-chalcones (3-13) and three acetyl chalcones (14-16) from substituted aldehydes and diacetylresorcinol. The compounds were tested for in vitro cytotoxic activity against four human cancer cell lines (A549, DU145, KB, and KB-VIN) and inhibition of NO production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated microglial cells. Among them, four compounds (3, 5, 6, and 13) showed significant cytotoxic activity with EC 50 values ranging from 1.57 to 5.14 μM, and seven compounds (3, 5-8, 10, and 13) displayed potent anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting NO production with IC 50 values ranging from 0.95 to 8.65 μM. A mechanism of action study of active compounds 6 and 7 discovered that these compounds down-regulated iNOS expression by inhibiting p65 NF-κB activation/nuclear translocation due to prevention of IκBα degradation. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) findings are also discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry