Six previously undescribed components, bis(4-glycosyloxybenzyl) 2-isobutyltartrate derivatives (pholidotoside A-E) and phenolic glycoside (pholidotosin A), together with twenty known compounds were isolated from the pseudobulbs of Pholidota chinensis. Their structures and absolute configuration were elucidated and established through various spectroscopic and chemical methods. The anti-inflammatory potential of selected compounds was examined using a human neutrophil cell model activated by N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine/cytochalasin B (fMLP/CB). Among these, dihydrophenanthrenes exhibited potent inhibitory effect on both superoxide anion generation and elastase release assays with IC50 values ranging from 0.41 ± 0.05 to 7.14 ± 0.30 μM.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Plant Science