This study investigates the optical Bloch oscillations (OBOs) in waveguide arrays that consist of alternative perfect electric conductor (PEC) layers and dielectric layers by performing both numerical simulations and theoretical analyses. In PEC dielectric waveguide arrays (PDWAs), the PEC layers are perforated with square holes to support the surface plasmon-like (SPL) modes. The relative permittivities of the dielectric layers have a constant gradient across the waveguide arrays. The OBOs in the PDWAs arise because of the excitation and coupling of the SPL modes. The ray trajectories that are predicted using Hamiltonian optics are consistent with the simulated results. When the position of incidence is fixed, the period of oscillation varies as the reciprocal of the incident frequency. However, the amplitude of oscillation is almost independent of the frequency. For a fixed incident frequency, the amplitude and period of oscillation increases and decreases, respectively as the position of incidence moves toward the dielectric layers with higher relative permittivities.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes