Blue-emissive polymer light-emitting diodes through anode/cathode interfacial modification

Ming Wei Lin, Chin Hsin Yeh, Ten Chin Wen, Tzung Fang Guo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We report highly efficient blue polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) achieved by introducing two nanoscale interfacial layer, made of poly(fluorine-co-triphrnylamine) [PFO-TPA] and cesium carbonate (Cs 2CO3), between (1) the PEDOT:PSS and blue poly[9,9-diarylfluorene-co-2,5-Bisphenyl-1,3,4- oxadiazole] (P1)and (2) the aluminum cathode and the P1 emitter, individually. PFO-TPA with highest occupied molecular orbital level (-5.36 eV) lies between those of PEDOT:PSS (∼5.0 ∼ 5.2 eV) and P1 emitter (∼5.54 eV), forming a stepwise energy ladder to facilitate the hole injection. For Cs2CO3, firstly, it enhances the injection of electrons by providing an lower electron injection barrier. Secondly, applied Cs2CO3 buffer decreases the PL intensity slowly down to ∼96 % of the pristine P1 film, located at 422 nm, is less efficiency quenched than the Calcium (Ca). Therefore the overall electron injection attributed by Cs2CO3 buffer is higher. Thirdly, the device with Cs2CO3 buffer did not show the low-energy emission band originated from the fluorenone defects which are often introduced by Ca, thus stabilized blue emission from devices with high brightness can be demonstrated. Based on the hole-transporting PFO-TPA and the Cs2CO3/Al cathode, we obtained device efficiency and brightness as high as 13.99 cd A-1 and 35054 cd m-2, which is an improvement by two orders of magnitude higher over devices using Ca/Al as cathode and without hole-transporting PFO-TPA.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOrganic Light Emitting Materials and Devices XVI
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 1
EventOrganic Light Emitting Materials and Devices XVI - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 2012 Aug 122012 Aug 15

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume8476
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherOrganic Light Emitting Materials and Devices XVI
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period12-08-1212-08-15

Fingerprint

Fluorine
Diode
Light emitting diodes
fluorine
Injection
Anodes
Polymers
Cathodes
anodes
light emitting diodes
cathodes
Calcium
injection
Buffer
calcium
Buffers
Electron injection
buffers
polymers
Electron

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Lin, M. W., Yeh, C. H., Wen, T. C., & Guo, T. F. (2012). Blue-emissive polymer light-emitting diodes through anode/cathode interfacial modification. In Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices XVI [84760K] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 8476). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.929449
Lin, Ming Wei ; Yeh, Chin Hsin ; Wen, Ten Chin ; Guo, Tzung Fang. / Blue-emissive polymer light-emitting diodes through anode/cathode interfacial modification. Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices XVI. 2012. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
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title = "Blue-emissive polymer light-emitting diodes through anode/cathode interfacial modification",
abstract = "We report highly efficient blue polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) achieved by introducing two nanoscale interfacial layer, made of poly(fluorine-co-triphrnylamine) [PFO-TPA] and cesium carbonate (Cs 2CO3), between (1) the PEDOT:PSS and blue poly[9,9-diarylfluorene-co-2,5-Bisphenyl-1,3,4- oxadiazole] (P1)and (2) the aluminum cathode and the P1 emitter, individually. PFO-TPA with highest occupied molecular orbital level (-5.36 eV) lies between those of PEDOT:PSS (∼5.0 ∼ 5.2 eV) and P1 emitter (∼5.54 eV), forming a stepwise energy ladder to facilitate the hole injection. For Cs2CO3, firstly, it enhances the injection of electrons by providing an lower electron injection barrier. Secondly, applied Cs2CO3 buffer decreases the PL intensity slowly down to ∼96 {\%} of the pristine P1 film, located at 422 nm, is less efficiency quenched than the Calcium (Ca). Therefore the overall electron injection attributed by Cs2CO3 buffer is higher. Thirdly, the device with Cs2CO3 buffer did not show the low-energy emission band originated from the fluorenone defects which are often introduced by Ca, thus stabilized blue emission from devices with high brightness can be demonstrated. Based on the hole-transporting PFO-TPA and the Cs2CO3/Al cathode, we obtained device efficiency and brightness as high as 13.99 cd A-1 and 35054 cd m-2, which is an improvement by two orders of magnitude higher over devices using Ca/Al as cathode and without hole-transporting PFO-TPA.",
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Lin, MW, Yeh, CH, Wen, TC & Guo, TF 2012, Blue-emissive polymer light-emitting diodes through anode/cathode interfacial modification. in Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices XVI., 84760K, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 8476, Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices XVI, San Diego, CA, United States, 12-08-12. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.929449

Blue-emissive polymer light-emitting diodes through anode/cathode interfacial modification. / Lin, Ming Wei; Yeh, Chin Hsin; Wen, Ten Chin; Guo, Tzung Fang.

Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices XVI. 2012. 84760K (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 8476).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - We report highly efficient blue polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) achieved by introducing two nanoscale interfacial layer, made of poly(fluorine-co-triphrnylamine) [PFO-TPA] and cesium carbonate (Cs 2CO3), between (1) the PEDOT:PSS and blue poly[9,9-diarylfluorene-co-2,5-Bisphenyl-1,3,4- oxadiazole] (P1)and (2) the aluminum cathode and the P1 emitter, individually. PFO-TPA with highest occupied molecular orbital level (-5.36 eV) lies between those of PEDOT:PSS (∼5.0 ∼ 5.2 eV) and P1 emitter (∼5.54 eV), forming a stepwise energy ladder to facilitate the hole injection. For Cs2CO3, firstly, it enhances the injection of electrons by providing an lower electron injection barrier. Secondly, applied Cs2CO3 buffer decreases the PL intensity slowly down to ∼96 % of the pristine P1 film, located at 422 nm, is less efficiency quenched than the Calcium (Ca). Therefore the overall electron injection attributed by Cs2CO3 buffer is higher. Thirdly, the device with Cs2CO3 buffer did not show the low-energy emission band originated from the fluorenone defects which are often introduced by Ca, thus stabilized blue emission from devices with high brightness can be demonstrated. Based on the hole-transporting PFO-TPA and the Cs2CO3/Al cathode, we obtained device efficiency and brightness as high as 13.99 cd A-1 and 35054 cd m-2, which is an improvement by two orders of magnitude higher over devices using Ca/Al as cathode and without hole-transporting PFO-TPA.

AB - We report highly efficient blue polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) achieved by introducing two nanoscale interfacial layer, made of poly(fluorine-co-triphrnylamine) [PFO-TPA] and cesium carbonate (Cs 2CO3), between (1) the PEDOT:PSS and blue poly[9,9-diarylfluorene-co-2,5-Bisphenyl-1,3,4- oxadiazole] (P1)and (2) the aluminum cathode and the P1 emitter, individually. PFO-TPA with highest occupied molecular orbital level (-5.36 eV) lies between those of PEDOT:PSS (∼5.0 ∼ 5.2 eV) and P1 emitter (∼5.54 eV), forming a stepwise energy ladder to facilitate the hole injection. For Cs2CO3, firstly, it enhances the injection of electrons by providing an lower electron injection barrier. Secondly, applied Cs2CO3 buffer decreases the PL intensity slowly down to ∼96 % of the pristine P1 film, located at 422 nm, is less efficiency quenched than the Calcium (Ca). Therefore the overall electron injection attributed by Cs2CO3 buffer is higher. Thirdly, the device with Cs2CO3 buffer did not show the low-energy emission band originated from the fluorenone defects which are often introduced by Ca, thus stabilized blue emission from devices with high brightness can be demonstrated. Based on the hole-transporting PFO-TPA and the Cs2CO3/Al cathode, we obtained device efficiency and brightness as high as 13.99 cd A-1 and 35054 cd m-2, which is an improvement by two orders of magnitude higher over devices using Ca/Al as cathode and without hole-transporting PFO-TPA.

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Lin MW, Yeh CH, Wen TC, Guo TF. Blue-emissive polymer light-emitting diodes through anode/cathode interfacial modification. In Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices XVI. 2012. 84760K. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.929449