Body image of children and adolescents with cancer: A systematic review

Sheng-Yu Fan, Christine Eiser

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a systematic literature review to identify (1) differences in body image (BI) between children and adolescents with cancer and healthy controls; (2) relationships between BI and demographic or medical variables; (3) implications of BI for psychological adjustment; and (4) relationship between BI and social support. Thirty-two studies were identified from computerized databases including BNI (1985-March, 2008), CINAHL (1982-March, 2008), MEDLINE (1950-March, 2008), PsychInfo (1806-March, 2008), and PubMed (1950-March, 2008). There was no consistent evidence regarding BI differences between children and adolescents with cancer and healthy controls. Relations between BI and gender, disease characteristics, and psychological adjustment were found. Changes in BI have adverse implications for self-esteem and adjustment, but can be moderated by social support. Future research should also adopt broader definitions of BI, and cancer-specific age-appropriate BI measures are needed to increase sensitivity of this work.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-256
Number of pages10
JournalBody Image
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Sep 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Body image of children and adolescents with cancer: A systematic review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this