Brain structural magnetic resonance imaging for joint independent component analysis in schizophrenic patients

Wen Lin Chu, Min Wei Huang, Bo Lin Jian, Kuo-Sheng Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: In past magnetic resonance imaging studies, normal participants and schizophrenia patients have usually been compared using imaging processing modes with only one parameter. A more extensive evaluation of significant differences between gray and white matter in Schizophrenic patents was necessary. Methods: Voxel based morphometry was used to separate brain images into gray matter and white matter. Then, the images were mapped to Montreal Neurological Institute space, and DARTEL analytic template was applied for image calibration with statistical parametric mapping. Finally, joint independent component analysis was employed to analyze the gray and white matter of brain images from Schizophrenic patients and normal controls. In this study, joint independent component analysis was used to discriminate clinical differences in magnetic resonance imaging signals between Schizophrenic patients and normal controls. Results: Region of interest analyses has repeatedly shown gray matter reduction in the superior temporal gyrus of Schizophrenic patients. Conclusion: These results strongly support previous studies regarding brain volume in schizophrenic patients. The connection networks in frontal and temporal lobes evidently did not differ between normal participants and schizophrenia patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471-478
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Medical Imaging
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Joints
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Brain
Temporal Lobe
Schizophrenia
Patents
Frontal Lobe
Calibration
Gray Matter
White Matter

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

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abstract = "Background: In past magnetic resonance imaging studies, normal participants and schizophrenia patients have usually been compared using imaging processing modes with only one parameter. A more extensive evaluation of significant differences between gray and white matter in Schizophrenic patents was necessary. Methods: Voxel based morphometry was used to separate brain images into gray matter and white matter. Then, the images were mapped to Montreal Neurological Institute space, and DARTEL analytic template was applied for image calibration with statistical parametric mapping. Finally, joint independent component analysis was employed to analyze the gray and white matter of brain images from Schizophrenic patients and normal controls. In this study, joint independent component analysis was used to discriminate clinical differences in magnetic resonance imaging signals between Schizophrenic patients and normal controls. Results: Region of interest analyses has repeatedly shown gray matter reduction in the superior temporal gyrus of Schizophrenic patients. Conclusion: These results strongly support previous studies regarding brain volume in schizophrenic patients. The connection networks in frontal and temporal lobes evidently did not differ between normal participants and schizophrenia patients.",
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Brain structural magnetic resonance imaging for joint independent component analysis in schizophrenic patients. / Chu, Wen Lin; Huang, Min Wei; Jian, Bo Lin; Cheng, Kuo-Sheng.

In: Current Medical Imaging, Vol. 15, No. 5, 01.01.2019, p. 471-478.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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