This study presents the result of a demonstration of Global Positioning System (GPS) hydrologic studies in a remote area. A GPS campaign was conducted using a GPS-equipped vessel and a GPS buoy to measure water level along Rio Branco, a tributary of the Amazon. The GPS water level data agree well with river gauge data and with ENVISAT radar altimeter measurements. The GPS-estimated river stage gradient of Rio Branco is 5.75 ± 0.48 cm/km with 99% confidence, which is higher than previous estimates. This result also agrees well with ENVISAT altimetry results.
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