Calcium containing iron oxide as an efficient and robust catalyst in (photo-)electrocatalytic water oxidation at neutral pH

Hung Chun Chiu, Wei Hsiang Huang, Liang Ching Hsu, Yan Gu Lin, Yi Hsuan Lai, Chia Yu Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


We report on calcium containing iron oxide thin films (CaFeO x ), prepared by spin-coating and a follow-up annealing process under mild condition, as an efficient and robust catalyst in electrocatalytic and photoelectrocatalytic water oxidation at neutral pH. Thin films prepared without calcium are essentially crystalline γ-Fe 2 O 3 , but those prepared with calcium are amorphous, and with optimal calcium content, the resultant film consists of a short-range order γ-Fe 2 O 3 domain embedded in an amorphous Ca 2 Fe 2 O 5 matrix. CaFeO x prepared with optimal calcium content decomposes upon exposure to phosphate, resulting in the leaching of surface calcium and formation of redox-active iron phosphate, which prevents the loss of active iron species from etching by protons released from the water oxidation process. The amorphous nature and in situ formation of iron phosphate render CaFeO x with high activity and stability under high turnover conditions, reaching 10 mA cm -2 at an overpotential (η) of ∼650 mV with a small increase in η (∼30 mV) over 2 h electrolysis in phosphate buffer (1.0 M, pH 7). When being integrated onto a BiVO 4 photoanode, CaFeO x greatly improves the kinetics of the OER and interfacial hole transfer at BiVO 4 , resulting in remarkable enhancement in its photocurrent response and photostability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-279
Number of pages9
JournalSustainable Energy and Fuels
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


Dive into the research topics of 'Calcium containing iron oxide as an efficient and robust catalyst in (photo-)electrocatalytic water oxidation at neutral pH'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this