Calsarcin-2 May Play a Compensatory Role in the Development of Obese Sarcopenia

Yu Cheng Liang, Kai Pi Cheng, Hsin Yu Kuo, Chung Teng Wang, Hsuan Wen Chou, Kuan Lin Huang, Hung Tsung Wu, Horng Yih Ou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although obese sarcopenia is a major public health problem with increasing prevalence worldwide, the factors that contribute to the development of obese sarcopenia are still obscure. In order to clarify this issue, a high-fat-diet-induced obese sarcopenia mouse model was utilized. After being fed with a high-fat diet for 24 weeks, decreased motor functions and muscle mass ratios were found in the C57BL/6 mice. In addition, the expression of calsarcin-2 was significantly increased in their skeletal muscle, which was determined by a microarray analysis. In order to clarify the role of calsarcin-2 in muscle, lentiviral vectors containing the calsarcin-2 gene or short hairpin RNA targeted to calsarcin-2 were used to manipulate calsarcin-2 expressions in L6 myoblasts. We found that an overexpression of calsarcin-2 facilitated L6 myoblast differentiation, whereas a calsarcin-2 knockdown delayed myoblast differentiation, as determined by the expression of myogenin. However, the calsarcin-2 knockdown showed no significant effects on myoblast proliferation. In addition, to clarify the relationship between serum calsarcin-2 and sarcopenia, the bilateral gastrocnemius muscle mass per body weight in mice and appendicular skeletal muscle mass index in humans were measured. Although calsarcin-2 facilitated myoblast differentiation, the serum calsarcin-2 concentration was negatively related to skeletal muscle mass index in mice and human subjects. Taken together, calsarcin-2 might facilitate myoblast differentiation and appear to play a compensatory role in sarcopenia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2708
JournalBiomedicines
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology

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