Camptothecin resistance involving steps subsequent to the formation of protein-linked DNA breaks in human camptothecin-resistant KB cell lines

David R. Beidler, Jang Yang Chang, Bing Sen Zhou, Yung Chi Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To identify mechanisms of camptothecin (CPT) resistance/toxicity, sublines from a human KB cell line were made resistant to CPT by continuous selection in increasing concentrations of CPT. Two CPT-resistant lines, 100 and 300, were 32- and 54-fold resistant to the growth-inhibitory properties of CPT compared to the KB line. After CPT-free culturing, partial revertant lines were established frOm each resistant line. These partial revertant lines, 100(rev) and 300(rev), were 2.5- and 3.2-fold resistant to CPT compared to KB. When growth inhibition and toxicity were compared, the resistant lines alone displayed an enhanced cytostatic response to CPT. The resistant and partial revertant lines displayed no cross-resistance to etoposide or cisplatin. Comparisons of topoisomerase I (TOP1) activity, content, and protein-linked DNA break production by CPT revealed that resistant and partial revertant lines had one-half the levels as KB, with TOP1 activity that was equally sensitive tn CPT in all cell lines tested. However, double- stranded DNA break induction by CPT was significantly reduced only in the resistant lines. Coincubation with 3-aminobenzamide, an inhibitor of poly(ADP-ribosyl) polymerase, potentiated CPT toxicity in the resistant lines alone, without affecting CPT: TOP1 interactions. Therefore, CPT resistance in the 100 and 300 lines was characterized by factors independent of TOP1, specific for CPT, and attenuated by poly(ADP-ribosyl) polymerase inhibition. This resistant phenotype produced fewer double-stranded DNA breaks and enhanced a cytostatic response to CPT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-353
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Research
Volume56
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jan 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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