Cancer and Potential Prevention with Lifestyle among Career Firefighters: A Narrative Review

Amalia Sidossis, Fan Yun Lan, Maria S. Hershey, Kishor Hadkhale, Stefanos N. Kales

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Career firefighters are at considerable risk for chronic diseases, including an increased risk of various cancers, compared to the general population. Over the last two decades, several systematic reviews and large cohort studies have demonstrated that firefighters have statistically significant increases in overall and site-specific cancer incidence and site-specific cancer mortality compared to the general population. Exposure assessment and other studies have documented exposures to a variety of carcinogens in fire smoke and within the fire station. Other occupational factors such as shift work, sedentary behavior, and the fire service food culture may also contribute to this working population’s increased cancer risk. Furthermore, obesity and other lifestyle behaviors such as tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption, poor diet, inadequate physical activity, and short sleep duration have also been associated with an increased risk of certain firefighting-associated cancers. Putative prevention strategies are proposed based on suspected occupational and lifestyle risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2442
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2023 May

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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